Vermouth is a type of fortified wine that is flavoured with various botanicals, such as herbs, spices, roots, and flowers. It is typically used as a key ingredient in many classic cocktails, such as the Martini and Manhattan, and can also be consumed on its own as an aperitif.
Vermouth comes in two main styles: sweet (or red) and dry (or white). Sweet vermouth is typically made with red wine and is flavoured with sweeter ingredients, while dry vermouth is made with white wine and is flavoured with drier ingredients, such as herbs and spices.
The alcohol content of vermouth is typically lower than port wine, around 15-18%.
Vermouth is produced in many regions throughout the world, including Italy, France, and Spain, each with their own distinct production methods and flavour profiles.